» posted on Saturday, July 28th, 2012 at 2:00 pm by joey-fatone
The Genes Behind Addiction
During the last few decades, researchers have been working hard to locate specific genes that may be connected to drug and alcohol addiction. The majority of of the findings report that lots of addicts are actually genetically predisposed to developing drug or alcohol related problems because their family has a history of drug addiction. It can often be helpful for an addict in treatment to get involved with a family addiction outreach program and proceed through family counseling. These programs help the entire family understand their risks and become a lot more supportive of one another. Check out https://www.thewatershed.com/treatment/individualized-programs/family-outreach/ for more information on family outreach programs.
Studies Show Evidence of Genes Linked to Addiction
Research workers have managed to discover certain genes which are tied to several forms of addiction. In a 2009 issue of Nature Reviews Genetics, geneticists released information that found that there are actually certain alleles of genes found on Eleven chromosomes that happen to be directly tied to different responses in drugs and alcohol. A lot of people are actually genetically more vulnerable to developing addictions than other people as these genes trigger their bodies to react differently to drugs.
Various Responses Observed
Geneticists were able to track how specific alleles of different genes cause unique responses to alcohol and drugs in a variety of people. The scientists have realized that lab mice selectively bred not to possess the serotonin receptor gene Htr1b tend to be far more attracted to cocaine and alcohol. Also, laboratory rats that had greater levels of the natural chemical neuropeptide Y were never really enthusiastic about alcohol, while mice which had low levels of it were really drawn to alcohol. Many of these studies are in rats, because it is really difficult to analyze humans that meticulously. Even so researchers have been able to note some genes within humans that cause distinct reactions, including the A1 allele of the dopamine receptor gene DRD2. When the A1 allele is present in the human brain, the person is much more likely to be dependent on alcohol or cocaine.
Gene history Doesn’t Determine Everything
Although geneticists have discovered several connections between genetic makeup and drug addiction, genetics certainly doesn’t completely determine whether an individual will be a substance abuser or not. Numerous variables go into figuring out whether a person may possibly develop into a drug or alcohol abuser, including precisely how exposed to the substances the person is when they’re young. Another big component that can determine if a person might become addicted is where they grew up and just how much income their family had. Considering genetics are just partly to blame for drug addictions, it is very possible to break away from the family track record and live without addiction.
Addiction is frequently at least to some degree connected to genetics, so it is important for an individual to know their family’s addiction history in order to see if they are more susceptible to drug or alcohol addiction themselves. For families with a long history of drug abuse, it is important to seek family addiction outreach programs when trying to get clean. Family counseling is very important for families with a history of substance abuse. Go to https://www.thewatershed.com/get-help-now/for-a-loved-one/ for helpful information on family counseling.